CIR_Q3_09.28.2014_10Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 28, 2014.
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             .
Commission File Number 001-14962
 
CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
 
 
 
Delaware
 
04-3477276
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
c/o CIRCOR, Inc.
30 Corporate Drive, Suite 200, Burlington, MA
 
01803-4238
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(781) 270-1200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  x
As of October 24, 2014, there were 17,675,394 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.



CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS


 
Page
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 28, 2014 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2013.
 
Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 (Unaudited).
 
Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 (Unaudited).
 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 (Unaudited).
 

2



PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION.
ITEM 1.
 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share data)
 
September 28, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
114,580

 
$
102,180

Short-term investments
91

 
95

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $2,852 and $2,449, respectively
170,777

 
144,742

Inventories, net
195,522

 
199,404

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
19,510

 
19,815

Deferred income tax asset
19,992

 
17,686

Total Current Assets
520,472

 
483,922

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
101,786

 
107,724

OTHER ASSETS:
 
 
 
Goodwill
75,245

 
75,876

Intangibles, net
32,622

 
35,656

Deferred income tax asset
15,271

 
18,579

Other assets
5,098

 
4,893

TOTAL ASSETS
$
750,494

 
$
726,650

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
86,780

 
$
70,589

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
59,677

 
57,507

Accrued compensation and benefits
26,860

 
31,289

Income taxes payable
4,629

 
3,965

Notes payable and current portion of long-term debt
7,439

 
7,203

Total Current Liabilities
185,385

 
170,553

LONG-TERM DEBT, NET OF CURRENT PORTION
26,403

 
42,435

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
8,721

 
9,666

OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
21,950

 
27,109

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 29,000,000 shares authorized; 17,675,394 and 17,610,526 shares issued and outstanding at September 28, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively
170

 
176

Additional paid-in capital
276,374

 
269,884

Retained earnings
241,871

 
202,930

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) gain, net of taxes
(10,380
)
 
3,897

Total Shareholders’ Equity
508,035

 
476,887

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
$
750,494

 
$
726,650

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3



CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 28,
2014
 
September 29,
2013
 
September 28,
2014
 
September 29,
2013
Net revenues
$
203,818

 
$
214,731

 
$
622,888

 
$
643,773

Cost of revenues
141,601

 
144,593

 
436,333

 
443,679

GROSS PROFIT
62,217

 
70,138

 
186,555

 
200,094

Selling, general and administrative expenses
41,873

 
46,392

 
129,370

 
139,561

Special charges (recoveries), net
478

 
(190
)
 
578

 
3,441

OPERATING INCOME
19,866

 
23,936

 
56,607

 
57,092

Other (income) expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
436

 
745

 
2,245

 
2,370

Other expense (income), net
419

 
568

 
(434
)
 
1,807

TOTAL OTHER EXPENSE, NET
855

 
1,313

 
1,811

 
4,177

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
19,012

 
22,623

 
54,796

 
52,915

Provision for income taxes
4,337

 
4,903

 
13,565

 
14,619

NET INCOME
$
14,675

 
$
17,720

 
$
41,231

 
$
38,296

Earnings per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.83

 
$
1.01

 
$
2.34

 
$
2.18

Diluted
$
0.83

 
$
1.00

 
$
2.32

 
$
2.18

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
17,675

 
17,582

 
17,654

 
17,553

Diluted
17,779

 
17,667

 
17,763

 
17,602

Dividends paid per common share
$
0.0375

 
$
0.0375

 
$
0.1125

 
$
0.1125

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4



CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
Net income
$
14,675

 
$
17,720

 
$
41,231

 
$
38,296

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(15,123
)
 
8,236

 
(14,272
)
 
(295
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(15,123
)
 
8,236

 
(14,272
)
 
(295
)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
$
(448
)
 
$
25,956

 
$
26,959

 
$
38,001

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5



CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 28,
2014
 
September 29,
2013
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
41,231

 
$
38,296

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
12,163

 
11,943

Amortization
2,367

 
2,273

Compensation expense of share-based plans
5,956

 
3,343

Tax effect of share-based plan compensation
(744
)
 
(536
)
Gain on property, plant and equipment
(133
)
 
(70
)
Gain on return of acquisition purchase price

 
(3,400
)
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable, net
(30,942
)
 
493

Inventories, net
(159
)
 
(33
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(121
)
 
193

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
14,953

 
1,259

Net cash provided by operating activities
44,571

 
53,761

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Additions to property, plant and equipment
(8,900
)
 
(13,579
)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment
761

 
348

Proceeds from sale of affiliate
177

 

Business acquisitions, return of purchase price

 
3,400

Net cash used in investing activities
(7,962
)
 
(9,831
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term debt
109,104

 
104,626

Payments of long-term debt
(125,140
)
 
(124,351
)
Debt issuance costs
(920
)
 

Dividends paid
(2,011
)
 
(2,011
)
Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
420

 
1,843

Tax effect of share-based compensation
744

 
536

Net cash used in financing activities
(17,803
)
 
(19,357
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(6,406
)
 
(27
)
INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
12,400

 
24,547

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
102,180

 
61,738

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
$
114,580

 
$
86,285

Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period presented for:
 
 
 
Income taxes
$
12,760

 
$
5,463

Interest
$
1,923

 
$
1,910

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6



CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

(1) Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited, consolidated financial statements have been prepared according to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated balance sheets, consolidated statements of income and consolidated statements of cash flows of CIRCOR International, Inc. (“CIRCOR”, the “Company”, “us”, “we” or “our”) for the periods presented. We prepare our interim financial information using the same accounting principles as we use for our annual audited financial statements. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the annual audited financial statements have been condensed or omitted in accordance with prescribed SEC rules. We believe that the disclosures made in our consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.

The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2013 is as reported in our audited financial statements as of that date. Our accounting policies are described in the notes to our December 31, 2013 financial statements, which were included in our Annual Report filed on Form 10-K. We recommend that the financial statements included in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report filed on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

We operate and report financial information using a 52-week fiscal year ending December 31. The data periods contained within our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q reflect the results of operations for the 13-week, 26-week and 39-week periods which generally end on the Sunday nearest the calendar quarter-end date. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 28, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2014.

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The significant accounting policies used in preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 28, 2014 are consistent with those discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosure of Disposals of Components of an Entity, to modify the requirements for reporting a discontinued operation. The new guidance is applicable for all disposals (or classification as held for sale) of components of an entity that occur within annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2014. Early adoption is permitted, but only for disposals (or classifications as held for sale) that have not been reported in financial statements previously issued or available for issuance. No discontinued operations were disclosed during the three and nine months ended September 28, 2014 or September 29, 2013.

In May 2014, FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The new standard substantially converges revenue recognition under U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. The new standard is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim and annual periods thereafter. Early adoption is not permitted. This new accounting guidance had no impact on our disclosures for the three and nine months ended September 28, 2014 or September 29, 2013.

There were no additional new accounting pronouncements adopted during the nine months ended September 28, 2014 that had a material impact on our financial statements.


7



(3) Share-Based Compensation

As of September 28, 2014, we have two share-based compensation plans. The 2014 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (the "2014 Plan") was adopted by our Board of Directors on February 12, 2014 and approved by our shareholders at the Company's annual meeting held on April 30, 2014. As of April 30, 2014, no new awards will be granted under the existing Amended and Restated 1999 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (the “1999 Plan”). As a result, any shares subject to outstanding awards under the 1999 Plan that expire, are canceled or otherwise terminate, or are withheld to satisfy tax withholding obligations will not be available for award grant purposes under the 2014 Plan. Both plans permit the grant of the following types of awards to our officers, other employees and non-employee directors: incentive stock options; non-qualified stock options; deferred stock awards; restricted stock awards; unrestricted stock awards; performance share awards; cash-based awards; stock appreciation rights ("SARs") and dividend equivalent rights. The 2014 Plan provides for the issuance of up to 1,700,000 shares of common stock (subject to adjustment for stock splits and similar events). Under the 2014 Plan, shares issued for awards other than stock options or SARs count against the aggregate share limit as 1.9 shares for every share actually issued. New options granted under the 2014 Plan could have varying vesting provisions and exercise periods. Options granted under the 1999 Plan vest in periods ranging from one year to five years and expire either seven years or ten years after the grant date. Restricted stock units granted under the 1999 Plan generally vest within three years. Vested restricted stock units will be settled in shares of our common stock. As of September 28, 2014, there were 487,624 stock options (including the CEO and CFO stock option awards noted below) and 197,955 restricted stock units outstanding of which 18,908 restricted stock units were granted to the CFO outside the plan as an inducement award in connection with his hiring. In addition, there were 1,694,323 shares available for grant under the 2014 Plan as of September 28, 2014. As of September 28, 2014, there were 250 outstanding restricted stock units that contain rights to nonforfeitable dividend equivalents and are considered participating securities that are included in our computation of basic and fully diluted earnings per share. There is no difference in the earnings per share amounts between the two class method and the treasury stock method, which is why we continue to use the treasury stock method.

The Black-Scholes option pricing model was used to estimate the fair value of each stock option grant at the date of grant excluding the 2013 and 2014 CEO and CFO stock option awards noted below. Black-Scholes utilizes assumptions related to volatility, the risk-free interest rate, the dividend yield and employee exercise behavior. Expected volatilities utilized in the model are based on the historic volatility of the Company’s stock price. The risk free interest rate is derived from the U.S. Treasury Yield curve in effect at the time of the grant.

On April 9, 2013, the Company granted stock options to purchase 200,000 shares of common stock to its newly appointed President and Chief Executive Officer at an exercise price of $41.17 per share ("2013 CEO Option Award"). On December 2, 2013, the Company granted stock options to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock to its newly appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer at an exercise price of $79.33 per share ("2013 CFO Option Award"). On March 5, 2014, the Company granted stock options to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock to its President and Chief Executive Officer at an exercise price of $70.42 per share ("2014 CEO Option Award"). Both the 2013 CEO Option Award and the 2013 CFO Option Award were considered inducement awards and were granted outside of the Company's 1999 Plan. All three of these option awards include a service period and a market performance vesting condition. The stock options will vest if the following stock price targets are met based on the stock price closing at or above these targets for 60 consecutive trading days:

2013 CEO Option Award
 
Stock Price Target
Cumulative Vested Portion of Stock Options (in Shares)
$50.00
50,000
$60.00
100,000
$70.00
150,000
$80.00
200,000


8



2013 CFO and 2014 CEO Option Award
 
Stock Price Target
Cumulative Vested Portion of Stock Options (in Shares)
$87.50
25,000
$100.00
50,000
$112.50
75,000
$125.00
100,000

Vested options may be exercised 25% at the time of vesting, 50% one year from the date of vesting and 100% two years from the date of vesting. On August 8, 2013, the $50.00 Stock Price Target for the 2013 CEO Option Award was met. On January 6, 2014 and January 28, 2014, the $60.00 and $70.00 Price targets for the 2013 CEO Option Award were met, respectively. Therefore, 150,000 options have vested of which 50,000 are currently exercisable under the 2013 CEO Option Award. As of September 28, 2014, none of the options awarded in connection with the 2013 CFO Option Award or the 2014 CEO Option Award have vested. These stock option awards are being expensed utilizing a graded method and are subject to forfeiture in the event of employment termination (whether voluntary or involuntary) prior to vesting. All three of these option awards have a 10 year term but to the extent that the market conditions above (Stock Price Targets) are not met, these options will not vest and will expire 5 years from grant date. The Company used a Monte Carlo simulation option pricing model to value these option awards.

During the nine months ended September 28, 2014, the Company granted 164,503 stock options (including the 2014 CEO Option Award noted above). This compares with 200,000 stock options granted during the first nine months of 2013. The average fair value of stock options granted during the first nine months of 2014 was $26.32 and was estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions:

Risk-free interest rate
1.8
%
Expected life (years)
3.7

Expected stock volatility
41.4
%
Expected dividend yield
0.2
%

We account for Restricted Stock Unit Awards (“RSU Awards”) by expensing the weighted average fair value to selling, general and administrative expenses ratably over vesting periods generally ranging up to three years. During the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013, we granted 34,942 and 130,845 RSU Awards with approximate fair values of $71.82 and $41.96 per RSU Award, respectively. During the first nine months of 2014 and 2013, the Company granted performance-based RSUs as part of the overall mix of RSU Awards. These performance-based RSUs include metrics for achieving Return on Invested Capital and Adjusted Operating Margin with target payouts ranging from 0% to 200%. Of the 34,942 RSUs granted during the nine months ended September 28, 2014, 11,881 are performance-based RSU awards. This compares to 35,329 performance-based RSU awards granted during the nine months ended September 29, 2013.

The CIRCOR Management Stock Purchase Plan, which is a component of both the 2014 Plan and the 1999 Plan, provides that eligible employees may elect to receive restricted stock units in lieu of all or a portion of their pre-tax annual incentive bonus and, in some cases, make after-tax contributions in exchange for restricted stock units (“RSU MSPs”). In addition, non-employee directors may elect to receive restricted stock units in lieu of all or a portion of their annual directors’ fees. Each RSU MSP represents a right to receive one share of our common stock after a three year vesting period. RSU MSPs are granted at a discount of 33% from the fair market value of the shares of common stock on the date of grant. This discount is amortized as compensation expense, to selling, general and administrative expenses, over a four year period. RSU MSPs totaling 32,752 and 28,463 with per unit discount amounts representing fair values of $23.61 and $13.90 were granted under the CIRCOR Management Stock Purchase Plan during the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013, respectively.

Compensation expense related to our share-based plans for the nine month periods ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 was $5.9 million and $3.5 million, respectively, and was recorded as selling, general and administrative expense. As of September 28, 2014, there was $12.1 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to our outstanding share-based compensation arrangements. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.0 years.


9



The weighted average contractual term for stock options outstanding and options exercisable as of September 28, 2014 was 8.5 years and 7.7 years, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 28, 2014 was $0.6 million and the aggregate intrinsic value of stock options outstanding and options exercisable as of September 28, 2014 was $6.4 million and $2.3 million, respectively.

The aggregate intrinsic value of RSU Awards settled during the nine months ended September 28, 2014 was $3.5 million and the aggregate intrinsic value of RSU Awards outstanding and RSU Awards vested and deferred as of September 28, 2014 was $8.7 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively.

The aggregate intrinsic value of RSU MSPs settled during the nine months ended September 28, 2014 was $1.1 million and the aggregate intrinsic value of RSU MSPs outstanding and RSU MSPs vested and deferred as of September 28, 2014 was $2.2 million and none, respectively.

The Company also grants Cash Settled Stock Unit Awards to its international employee participants. These Cash Settled Stock Unit Awards typically cliff-vest in three years and are settled in cash based on the company's closing stock price at the time of vesting. As of September 28, 2014, there were 38,307 Cash Settled Stock Unit Awards outstanding compared to 39,930 as of September 29, 2013. During the nine months ended September 28, 2014, the aggregate cash used to settle Cash Settled Stock Unit Awards was $0.6 million. As of September 28, 2014, the company had $1.3 million of accrued expenses in current liabilities associated with these Cash Settled Stock Unit Awards compared with $1.1 million as of September 29, 2013. Cash Settled Stock Unit Awards related compensation costs for the nine month periods ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 was $0.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively, and was recorded as selling, general, and administrative expense.

(4) Inventories, net
Inventories, net consist of the following (in thousands):

 
September 28, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Raw materials
$
62,485

 
$
59,255

Work in process
95,285

 
95,236

Finished goods
37,752

 
44,913

 
$
195,522

 
$
199,404


(5) Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The following table shows goodwill by segment as of September 28, 2014 (in thousands): 
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Consolidated
Total
Goodwill as of December 31, 2013
$
52,930

 
$
22,946

 
$
75,876

Currency translation adjustments
(508
)
 
(123
)
 
(631
)
Goodwill as of September 28, 2014
$
52,422

 
$
22,823

 
$
75,245


The table below presents gross intangible assets and the related accumulated amortization as of September 28, 2014 (in thousands):
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Patents
$
6,077

 
$
(5,723
)
Non-amortized intangibles (primarily trademarks and trade names)
16,506

 

Customer relationships
34,226

 
(20,634
)
Backlog
1,134

 
(1,134
)
Other
7,417

 
(5,247
)
Total
$
65,360

 
$
(32,738
)
Net carrying value of intangible assets
$
32,622

 
 


10



The table below presents estimated remaining amortization expense for intangible assets recorded as of September 28, 2014 (in thousands):
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
After 2019
Estimated amortization expense
$
791

 
$
3,054

 
$
2,771

 
$
2,639

 
$
2,384

 
$
4,478


11



(6) Segment Information
The following table presents certain reportable segment information (in thousands):
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate /
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Total
Three Months Ended September 28, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
157,658

 
$
46,160

 
$

 
$
203,818

Inter-segment revenues
200

 
46

 
(246
)
 

Operating income (loss)
26,202

 
(630
)
 
(5,706
)
 
19,866

Interest expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
436

Other (income) expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
419

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
19,012

Identifiable assets
644,811

 
204,607

 
(98,924
)
 
750,494

Capital expenditures
2,759

 
378

 
160

 
3,297

Depreciation and amortization
2,807

 
1,725

 
222

 
4,754

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 29, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
167,660

 
$
47,071

 
$

 
$
214,731

Inter-segment revenues
154

 
32

 
(186
)
 

Operating income (loss)
27,367

 
4,569

 
(8,000
)
 
23,936

Interest expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
745

Other (income) expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
568

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
22,623

Identifiable assets
575,199

 
234,289

 
(84,125
)
 
725,363

Capital expenditures
1,945

 
2,456

 
446

 
4,847

Depreciation and amortization
2,799

 
1,544

 
329

 
4,672

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 28, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
480,825

 
$
142,063

 
$

 
$
622,888

Inter-segment revenues
744

 
178

 
(922
)
 

Operating income (loss)
70,969

 
3,705

 
(18,067
)
 
56,607

Interest expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,245

Other (income) expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
(434
)
Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
54,796

Identifiable assets
644,811

 
204,607

 
(98,924
)
 
750,494

Capital expenditures
6,239

 
2,066

 
595

 
8,900

Depreciation and amortization
8,533

 
5,169

 
828

 
14,530

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 29, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
498,321

 
$
145,452

 
$

 
$
643,773

Inter-segment revenues
637

 
56

 
(693
)
 

Operating income (loss)
65,905

 
11,034

 
(19,847
)
 
57,092

Interest expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,370

Other (income) expense, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,807

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
52,915

Identifiable assets
575,199

 
234,289

 
(84,125
)
 
725,363

Capital expenditures
8,175

 
4,809

 
595

 
13,579

Depreciation and amortization
8,431

 
4,750

 
1,034

 
14,215


Each reporting segment is individually managed and has separate financial results that are reviewed by our chief operating decision-maker. Each segment contains related products and services particular to that segment. For further discussion of the

12



products included in each segment refer to Note 1 of the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

In calculating operating income for each reporting segment, certain administrative expenses incurred at the corporate level for the benefit of other reporting segments were allocated to the segments based upon specific identification of costs, employment related information or net revenues.

Corporate / Eliminations are reported on a net “after allocations” basis. Inter-segment intercompany transactions affecting net operating profit have been eliminated within the respective operating segments.

The operating loss reported in the Corporate / Eliminations column in the preceding table consists primarily of the following corporate expenses: compensation and fringe benefit costs for executive management and other corporate staff; Board of Director compensation; corporate development costs (relating to mergers and acquisitions); human resource development and benefit plan administration expenses; legal, accounting and other professional and consulting fees; facilities, equipment and maintenance costs; and travel and various other administrative costs. The above costs are incurred in the course of furthering the business prospects of the Company and relate to activities such as: implementing strategic business growth opportunities; corporate governance; risk management; treasury; investor relations and shareholder services; regulatory compliance; and stock transfer agent costs.

The total assets for each operating segment have been reported as the Identifiable Assets for that segment, including inter-segment intercompany receivables, payables and investments in other CIRCOR businesses. Identifiable assets reported in Corporate / Eliminations include both corporate assets, such as cash, deferred taxes, prepaid and other assets, fixed assets, as well as the elimination of all inter-segment intercompany assets. The elimination of intercompany assets results in negative amounts reported in Corporate / Eliminations for Identifiable Assets for the periods ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013. Corporate Identifiable Assets after elimination of intercompany assets were $33.1 million and $36.8 million as of September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013, respectively.

(7) Earnings Per Common Share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
Net
Income
 
Shares
 
Per Share
Amount
 
Net
Income
 
Shares
 
Per Share
Amount
Basic Earnings Per Common Share ("EPS")
$
14,675

 
17,675

 
$
0.83

 
$
17,720

 
17,582

 
$
1.01

Dilutive securities, common stock options

 
104

 
0.00

 

 
85

 
(0.01
)
Diluted EPS
$
14,675

 
17,779


$
0.83


$
17,720


17,667


$
1.00

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
Net
Income
 
Shares
 
Per Share
Amount
 
Net
Income
 
Shares
 
Per Share
Amount
Basic EPS
$
41,231

 
17,654

 
$
2.34

 
$
38,296

 
17,553

 
$
2.18

Dilutive securities, common stock options

 
109

 
(0.02
)
 

 
49

 
0.00

Diluted EPS
$
41,231

 
17,763

 
$
2.32

 
$
38,296

 
17,602

 
$
2.18


There were 138,833 and 133,218 anti-dilutive stock options, RSU Awards, and RSU MSPs outstanding for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013, respectively.

(8) Financial Instruments

Fair Value
The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and trade payables approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these financial instruments. Short-term investments (principally guaranteed investment certificates) are carried at cost which approximates fair value at the balance sheet date. The fair value of our variable rate debt approximates its carrying amount.


13



Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations including foreign currency exchange rate risk and interest rate risk. The Company currently uses derivative instruments to manage foreign currency risk on certain business transactions denominated in foreign currencies. To the extent the underlying transactions hedged are completed, these forward contracts do not subject us to significant risk from exchange rate movements because they offset gains and losses on the related foreign currency denominated transactions. These forward contracts do not qualify as hedging instruments and, therefore, do not qualify for fair value or cash flow hedge treatment. Any unrealized gains and losses on our contracts are recognized as a component of other expense in our consolidated statements of income.

As of September 28, 2014, we had six forward contracts: three U.S. Dollar/Euro contracts with a total value of $6.1 million and three Brazilian Real/Euro contracts with a total value of less than $0.1 million. This compares to fourteen forward contracts as of December 31, 2013. The fair value liability of the derivative forward contracts as of September 28, 2014 was less than $0.5 million and was included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on our balance sheet. This compares to a fair value asset of approximately $0.5 million that was included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on our balance sheet as of December 31, 2013. The unrealized foreign exchange loss for each of the nine month periods ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 was less than $0.5 million. Unrealized foreign exchange gains (losses) are included in other (income) expense in our consolidated statements of income.

We have determined that the majority of the inputs used to value our foreign currency forward contracts fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, found under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820. The credit valuation adjustments, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by us and our counterparties are Level 3 inputs. However, we have assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of our foreign currency forward contracts and determined that the credit valuation adjustments are not significant to the overall valuation. As a result, we have determined that our derivative valuations in their entirety are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

(9) Guarantees and Indemnification Obligations

As permitted under Delaware law, we have agreements whereby we indemnify certain of our officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was, serving at our request in such capacity. The term of the indemnification period is for the officer’s or director’s lifetime. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited. However, we have directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policies that limit our exposure for events covered under the policies and should enable us to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. As a result of the coverage under these insurance policies, we believe the estimated fair value of these indemnification agreements based on Level 3 criteria as described under ASC Topic 820 is minimal and, therefore, we have no liabilities recorded from those agreements as of September 28, 2014.

We record provisions for the estimated cost of product warranties, primarily from historical information, at the time product revenue is recognized. We also record provisions with respect to any significant individual warranty issues as they arise. While we engage in extensive product quality programs and processes, our warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, utilization levels, material usage, service delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure, and supplier warranties on parts delivered to us. Should actual product failure rates, utilization levels, material usage, service delivery costs or supplier warranties on parts differ from our estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liability would be required.

The following table sets forth information related to our product warranty reserves for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 (in thousands):
 
Balance beginning December 31, 2013
$
4,194

Provisions
2,647

Claims settled
(2,087
)
Currency translation adjustment
(170
)
Balance ending September 28, 2014
$
4,584


Warranty obligations increased $0.4 million from $4.2 million as of December 31, 2013 to $4.6 million as of September 28, 2014, primarily due to provisions recorded within the Energy segment for isolated product defect claims including a safety

14



recall that we had initiated earlier in 2014 with the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration pertaining to certain pressure relief devices incorporated by end-use customers into vehicles powered by compressed natural gas.

(10) Contingencies and Commitments
Asbestos-related product liability claims continue to be filed against two of our subsidiaries Spence Engineering Company, Inc. (“Spence”), the stock of which we acquired in 1984; and Circor Instrumentation Technologies, Inc. (f/k/a Hoke Incorporated) (“Hoke”), the stock of which we acquired in 1998. Due to the nature of the products supplied by these entities, the markets they serve and our historical experience in resolving these claims, we do not believe that these asbestos-related claims will have a material adverse effect on the financial condition, results of operations or liquidity of Spence or Hoke, or our financial condition, consolidated results of operations or liquidity of the Company.
We are currently involved in various other legal claims and legal proceedings, some of which may involve substantial dollar amounts. Periodically, we review the status of each significant matter and assess our potential financial exposure. If the potential loss from any claim or legal proceeding is considered probable and the amount can be estimated, we accrue a liability for the estimated loss. Significant judgment is required in both the determination of probability and the determination as to whether an exposure can be reasonably estimated. Because of uncertainties related to these matters, accruals are based on the best information available at the time. As additional information becomes available, we reassess the potential liability related to our pending claims and litigation and may revise our estimates. Such revisions in the estimates of the potential liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position.
Standby Letters of Credit
We execute standby letters of credit, which include bid bonds and performance bonds, in the normal course of business to ensure our performance or payments to third parties. The aggregate notional value of these instruments was $43.8 million at September 28, 2014. Our historical experience with these types of instruments has been good and no claims have been paid in the current or past five fiscal years. We believe that the likelihood of demand for a significant payment relating to the outstanding instruments is remote. These instruments generally have expiration dates ranging from less than 1 month to 5 years from September 28, 2014.
The following table contains information related to standby letters of credit instruments outstanding as of September 28, 2014 (in thousands):
Term Remaining
Maximum Potential
Future  Payments
0–12 months
$
26,036

Greater than 12 months
17,765

Total
$
43,801


(11) Defined Pension Benefit Plans

We maintain two pension benefit plans, a qualified noncontributory defined benefit plan and a nonqualified, noncontributory defined benefit supplemental plan that provides benefits to certain retired highly compensated officers and employees. To date, the supplemental plan remains an unfunded plan. These plans include significant pension benefit obligations which are calculated based on actuarial valuations. Key assumptions are made in determining these obligations and related expenses, including expected rates of return on plan assets and discount rates. Benefits are based primarily on years of service and employees’ compensation.
As of July 1, 2006, in connection with a revision to our retirement plan, we froze the pension benefits of our qualified noncontributory plan participants. Under the revised plan, such participants generally do not accrue any additional benefits under the defined benefit plan after July 1, 2006.
During the three and nine months ended September 28, 2014, we made cash contributions of $0.4 million and $1.2 million to our qualified defined benefit pension plan, respectively. Additionally, substantially all of our U.S. employees are eligible to participate in a 401(k) savings plan. Under this plan, we make a core contribution and match a specified percentage of employee contributions, subject to certain limitations.


15



The components of net pension benefit expense are as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 28,
2014
 
September 29,
2013
 
September 28,
2014
 
September 29,
2013
Interest cost on benefits obligation
545

 
491

 
1,636

 
1,473

Estimated return on assets
(697
)
 
(591
)
 
(2,091
)
 
(1,773
)
Loss amortization
127

 
189

 
379

 
567

Net periodic cost of defined pension benefit plans
$
(25
)
 
$
89

 
$
(76
)
 
$
267


(12) Income Taxes
As required by ASC 740, Income Taxes, at September 28, 2014 and at December 31, 2013, we had $1.8 million and $1.6 million of unrecognized tax benefits, respectively, of which $1.1 million and $0.9 million, respectively, would affect our effective tax rate if recognized in any future period.
We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of September 28, 2014, we had approximately $0.7 million of accrued interest related to uncertain tax positions.

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and in various state, local and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service for years prior to 2012 and is no longer subject to examination by the tax authorities in foreign and state jurisdictions prior to 2006. The Company is under examination for income tax filings in various foreign jurisdictions, including Italy where we received a notice of audit findings regarding withholding taxes on certain intercompany dividends paid in 2009. A formal assessment has not been issued, and we disagree with the notice of findings, including the basis for an assessment of any amount. We are currently in discussions with the tax authorities on this matter.

For 2014, we expect an effective income tax rate of approximately 24.8%. The effective tax rate was 22.8% for the quarter ended September 28, 2014.  The primary driver of the lower tax rate in the quarter was the lower percentage of US income over total income.

Our future effective tax rates could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory rates and vice versa. Changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets or liabilities, or changes in tax laws or interpretations thereof may also adversely affect our future effective tax rate. In addition, we are subject to the continuous examination of our income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities. We regularly assess the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes.

The Company has a net domestic deferred income tax asset and a net foreign deferred tax asset. With regard to deferred income tax assets, we maintained a total valuation allowance of $13.2 million at September 28, 2014 and $13.9 million at December 31, 2013 due to uncertainties related to our ability to utilize certain of these assets, primarily consisting of certain foreign tax credits, foreign and state net operating losses and state tax credits carried forward. The valuation allowance is based on estimates of taxable income in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate and the period over which our deferred tax assets will be recoverable. If market conditions improve and future results of operations exceed our current expectations, our existing tax valuation allowances may be adjusted, resulting in future tax benefits. Alternatively, if market conditions deteriorate or future results of operations are less than expected, future assessments may result in a determination that some or all of the deferred tax assets are not realizable. Consequently, we may need to establish additional tax valuation allowances for all or a portion of the gross deferred tax assets, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. The Company has had a history of domestic and foreign taxable income, is able to avail itself of federal tax carryback provisions, has future taxable temporary differences and projects future domestic and foreign taxable income. We believe that after considering all of the available objective evidence, it is more likely than not that the results of future operations will generate sufficient taxable income to realize the remaining net foreign deferred income tax asset.


16



(13) Special Charges / Recoveries

Background

During the third quarter of 2012, we announced restructuring actions in the Energy and Aerospace & Defense segments including actions to consolidate facilities, shift expenses to lower cost regions, and restructuring some non-strategic product lines ("2012 Announced Restructuring").

On July 12, 2013 we reached a settlement on the SF Valves arbitration ("SF Settlement") and have received a refund of a portion of the purchase price which resulted in a gain of approximately $3.2 million during the third quarter of 2013. This gain was recorded as a special recovery during the third quarter of 2013.

On August 1, 2013 and October 31, 2013, we announced restructuring actions associated with our Energy and Aerospace & Defense segments under which we have simplified the manner in which we manage our businesses ("2013 Announced Restructuring"). Under these restructurings, we consolidated facilities, shifted expenses to lower cost regions, restructured certain non-strategic product lines, and also consolidated our group structure from three groups to two, reducing management layers and administrative expenses.

During the third quarter of 2013 we announced that our then Chief Financial Officer would be retiring and recorded a $0.6 million ("CFO retirement") special charge for associated salary continuation and bonus.

On January 24, 2014, we reached a settlement on the T.M.W. Corporation ("TMW") arbitration where it was agreed that TMW would waive all rights to amounts due from us under a contingent consideration promissory note established at the time of acquisition, resulting in a special gain of approximately $2.2 million during the first quarter of 2014. See our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on April 22, 2014 for additional information.

On March 28, 2014, we entered into a settlement agreement for $1.5 million with Watts Water Technologies, Inc. Accordingly, we recorded a $0.3 million special charge in the quarter, net of amounts previously accrued. See our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on April 22, 2014 for additional information.
On April 22, 2014, we announced additional restructuring actions ("2014 Announced Restructurings"), under which we are continuing to simplify our businesses. Under this restructuring, we are reducing certain general and administrative expenses and closing or consolidating a number of smaller facilities. The savings from these restructuring actions will be utilized for growth investments.

During the second and third quarters of 2014, in connection with the restructuring of certain structured landing gear product lines, we recorded inventory related charges of $5.1 million and $2.9 million, respectively, within the Aerospace & Defense segment. These restructuring related inventory charges were included as cost of revenues. See further explanation in Item 2 of Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

2014 Quarter-to-Date and Year-to-Date

During the three months ended September 28, 2014, we recorded $0.5 million of net special charges associated with the 2014 Announced Restructuring action.

During the nine months ended September 28, 2014, we recorded $1.1 million of net special charges associated with the 2013 Announced Restructuring, $0.3 million of special charges associated with the Watts legal settlement, a $2.2 million gain associated with the TMW settlement, and $1.5 million of net special charges associated with the 2014 Announced Restructurings.


17



The following tables summarizes our 2014 QTD and YTD special charges or recoveries by expense type and business segment (in thousands):
 
Special Charges / (Recoveries)
 
As of and for the three months ended September 28, 2014
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Accrued special charges as of June 29, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,095

Facility and professional fee related expenses
8

 

 

 
8

  Employee related expenses
367

 
75

 
28

 
470

Total special and restructuring charges
$
375

 
$
75

 
$
28

 
$
478

Special charges paid
 
 
 
 
 
 
(901
)
Accrued special charges as of September 28, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,672

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Special Charges / (Recoveries)
 
As of and for the nine months ended September 28, 2014
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Accrued special charges as of December 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,180

Facility and professional fee related expenses
432

 
93

 

 
525

  Employee related expenses
1,140

 
539

 
317

 
1,996

Total special and restructuring charges
$
1,572

 
$
632

 
$
317

 
$
2,521

Watts settlement

 

 
300

 
300

TMW settlement special gain

 
(2,243
)
 

 
(2,243
)
Total special charges (recoveries)
$
1,572

 
$
(1,611
)
 
$
617

 
$
578

Special charges paid
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3,086
)
Accrued special charges as of September 28, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,672


In addition, during the second and third quarters of 2014, we performed an ASC 360, Plant, Property, and Equipment, impairment analyses for our Aerospace & Defense related California operations. No asset impairment charges were required as the fair value of the California operations exceeded the carrying value.

2013 Quarter-to-Date and Year-to-Date

During the three and nine months ended September 29, 2013, we recovered $0.2 million and incurred $3.4 million, respectively, of Special Charges, net associated with the 2012 Announced Restructuring actions, 2013 Announced Restructuring actions, CFO Retirement, and SF Settlement.

The following table summarizes our 2013 QTD and YTD special charges by expense type and business segment (in thousands):


18



 
Special Charges / (Recoveries)
 
As of and for the three months ended September 29, 2013
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Accrued special charges as of June 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
592

Facility and professional fee related expenses
536

 
800

 

 
1,336

Employee related expenses
688

 
337

 

 
1,025

CFO retirement charges

 

 
600

 
600

Total special and restructuring charges
$
1,224

 
$
1,137

 
$
600

 
$
2,961

Special charges paid
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,650
)
Accrued special charges as of September 29, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,903

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total special and restructuring charges
1,224

 
1,137

 
600

 
2,961

SF Settlement special recovery
(3,151
)
 

 

 
(3,151
)
Special Charges / (Recoveries), net
$
(1,927
)
 
$
1,137

 
$
600

 
$
(190
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Special Charges / (Recoveries)
 
As of and for the nine months ended September 29, 2013
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Accrued special charges as of December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
800

Facility and professional fee related expenses
1,374

 
2,638

 

 
4,012

Employee related expenses
1,071

 
910

 

 
1,981

CFO retirement charges

 

 
600

 
600

Total special and restructuring charges
$
2,445

 
$
3,548

 
$
600

 
$
6,593

Special charges paid
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5,490
)
Accrued special charges as of September 29, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,903

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total special and restructuring charges
2,445

 
3,548

 
600

 
6,593

SF Settlement special recovery
(3,152
)
 

 

 
(3,152
)
Special Charges / (Recoveries), net
(707
)
 
3,548

 
600

 
3,441


Inception to Date
The following table summarizes our 2012 Announced Restructuring related special charges incurred from the end of the third quarter of 2012 through December 31, 2013. Charges with this action began in the third quarter of 2012 and were finalized in the fourth quarter of 2013. We do not anticipate any additional special charges to be incurred associated with the 2012 Announced Restructuring actions.
 
2012 Announced Restructuring Charges as of
September 28, 2014
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Facility and professional fee related expenses - incurred to date
2,270

 
2,854

 

 
5,124

Employee related expenses - incurred to date
1,085

 
968

 

 
2,053

Total restructuring related special charges - incurred to date
$
3,355

 
$
3,822

 
$

 
$
7,177

The following table summarizes our 2013 Announced Restructuring related special charges incurred from the third quarter of 2013 through June 29, 2014. Charges with this action were finalized in the second quarter of 2014. We do not anticipate any additional special charges to be incurred associated with the 2013 Announced Restructuring actions.

19



 
2013 Announced Restructuring Charges as of
September 28, 2014
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Facility and professional fee related expenses - incurred to date
2,117

 
473

 

 
2,590

Employee related expenses - incurred to date
2,945

 
1,519

 

 
4,464

Total restructuring related special charges - incurred to date
$
5,062

 
$
1,992

 
$

 
$
7,054

The following table summarizes our 2014 Announced Restructuring related special charges incurred from the second quarter of 2014 through September 28, 2014:
 
2014 Announced Restructuring Charges / (Recoveries) as of
September 28, 2014
 
Energy
 
Aerospace & Defense
 
Corporate
 

Total
Facility and professional fee related expenses - incurred to date
(85
)
 
9

 

 
(76
)
Employee related expenses - incurred to date
683

 
524

 
317

 
1,524

Total restructuring related special charges - incurred to date
$
598

 
$
533

 
$
317

 
$
1,448

Additional special charges that we expect to be recorded with the 2014 announced restructuring action are included in the future projection below.
Future Projection
We expect to incur additional related special charges between $3.0 million and $3.3 million that are primarily facility and employee related during the remainder of 2014 (between $0.9 million and $1.1 million for the Energy segment and between $2.1 million and $2.2 million for the Aerospace & Defense segment to complete these 2014 restructuring actions. These restructuring activities are expected to be funded with cash generated from operations.

ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain statements that are “forward-looking statements” as that term is defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”) and releases issued by the SEC. The words “may,” “hope,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” and other expressions which are predictions of or indicate future events and trends and which do not relate to historical matters, identify forward-looking statements. We believe that it is important to communicate our future expectations to our stockholders, and we, therefore, make forward-looking statements in reliance upon the safe harbor provisions of the Act. However, there may be events in the future that we are not able to accurately predict or control and our actual results may differ materially from the expectations we describe in our forward-looking statements. Forward looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, the cyclicality and highly competitive nature of some of our end- markets which can affect the overall demand for and pricing of our products, changes in the price of and demand for oil & gas in both domestic and international markets, any adverse changes in governmental policies, variability of raw material and component pricing, changes in our suppliers’ performance, fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, our ability to hire and maintain key personnel, our ability to continue operating our manufacturing facilities at efficient levels including our ability to prevent cost overruns and continue to reduce costs, our ability to generate increased cash by reducing our inventories, our prevention of the accumulation of excess inventory, our ability to successfully implement our acquisition, divestiture, restructuring, or simplification strategies, fluctuations in interest rates, potential security measure breaches or attacks, our ability to continue to successfully defend product liability actions including asbestos-related claims, as well as the uncertainty associated with the current worldwide economic conditions and the continuing impact on economic and financial conditions in the United States and around the world as a result of terrorist attacks, current Middle Eastern conflicts and related matters. We advise you to read further about certain of these and other risk factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report filed on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, together with subsequent reports we have filed with the SEC on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, which may supplement, modify, supersede, or update those risk

20



factors. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Company Overview

CIRCOR International, Inc. designs, manufactures and markets valves and other highly engineered products and sub-systems used in the oil & gas, power generation, aerospace, defense and industrial markets. Within our major product groups, we develop, manufacture, sell and service a portfolio of fluid-control products, sub-systems and technologies that enable us to fulfill our customers’ unique fluid-control application needs.
 
We have organized our reporting structure into two segments: Energy and Aerospace & Defense. The primary markets served by our Energy segment are oil & gas: upstream, mid-stream and downstream; as well as the global power generation market. The Aerospace & Defense segment primarily serves commercial and military aerospace end-markets as well as certain international Navy applications.

Basis of Presentation

All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. We monitor our business in two segments: Energy and Aerospace & Defense.

We operate and report financial information using a 52-week fiscal year ending December 31. The data periods contained within our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q reflect the results of operations for the 13-week, 26-week and 39-week periods which generally end on the Sunday nearest the calendar quarter-end date.

Critical Accounting Policies

The following discussion of accounting policies is intended to supplement the section “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” presented in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. These policies were selected because they are broadly applicable within our operating units. The expenses and accrued liabilities or allowances related to certain of these policies are initially based on our best estimates at the time of original entry in our accounting records. Adjustments are recorded when our actual experience, or new information concerning our expected experience, differs from underlying initial estimates. These adjustments could be material if our actual or expected experience were to change significantly in a short period of time. We make frequent comparisons of actual experience and expected experience in order to mitigate the likelihood of material adjustments.

There have been no significant changes from the methodology applied by management for critical accounting estimates previously disclosed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized when products are delivered, title and risk of loss have passed to the customer, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, no significant post-delivery obligations remain, the price to the buyers is fixed or determinable and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. We have limited long-term arrangements with customers, representing less than 1% of our revenue, requiring delivery of products or services over extended periods of time and revenue and profits on certain of these arrangements are recognized in accordance with the percentage of completion method of accounting. Shipping and handling costs invoiced to customers are recorded as components of revenues and the associated costs are recorded as cost of revenues.

Allowance for Inventory
We typically analyze our inventory aging and projected future usage on a quarterly basis to assess the adequacy of our inventory allowances. We provide inventory allowances for excess, slow-moving, and obsolete inventories determined primarily by estimates of future demand. The allowance is measured on an item-by-item basis determined based on the difference between the cost of the inventory and estimated market value. The provision for inventory allowance is a component of our cost of revenues. Assumptions about future demand are among the primary factors utilized to estimate market value. At the point of the loss recognition, a new, lower-cost basis for that inventory is established, and subsequent changes in facts and circumstances do not result in the restoration or increase in that newly established cost basis.


21



Our net inventory balance was $195.5 million as of September 28, 2014, compared to $199.4 million as of December 31, 2013. Our inventory allowances as of September 28, 2014 was $27.3 million, compared with $21.3 million as of December 31, 2013 and include amounts primarily for obsolescence and net realizable value estimates.
  
Our provision for inventory obsolescence was $3.0 million and $3.5 million for the first nine months of 2014 and 2013, respectively. During the second and third quarters of 2014 we recorded net realizable value provisions of $5.1 million and $2.9 million, respectively, of restructuring related inventory charges in connection with certain landing gear product lines within the Aerospace & Defense segment. We believe our inventory allowances remain adequate with the net realizable value of our inventory being higher than our current inventory cost after allowances.

If there were to be a sudden and significant decrease in demand for our products, significant price reductions, or if there were a higher incidence of inventory obsolescence for any reason, including a change in technology or customer requirements, we could be required to increase our inventory allowances and our gross profit could be adversely affected.
 
Inventory management remains an area of focus as we balance the need to maintain adequate inventory levels to ensure competitive lead times against the risk of excess or obsolete inventory.

Penalty Accruals
Some of our customer agreements, primarily in our project related businesses and large aerospace programs, contain late shipment penalty clauses whereby we are contractually obligated to pay consideration to our customers if we do not meet specified shipment dates. The accrual for estimated penalties is shown as a reduction of revenue and is based on several factors including historical customer settlement experience and management’s assessment of specific shipment delay information. Accruals related to these potential late shipment penalties as of September 28, 2014, and December 31, 2013 were $9.3 million and $10.0 million, respectively. As we conclude performance under these agreements, the actual amount of consideration paid to our customers may vary from the amounts we currently have accrued.

Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and trade receivables. A significant portion of our revenue and receivables are from customers who are either in or service the energy, aerospace and industrial markets. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and maintain allowances for potential credit losses. During 2013, 2012, and 2011, the Company did not experience any significant losses related to the collection of our accounts receivable. For the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 we had no customers from which we derived revenues that exceeded 5% of our consolidated revenues.

Legal Contingencies
We are currently involved in various legal claims and legal proceedings, some of which may involve substantial dollar amounts. Periodically, we review the status of each significant matter and assess our potential financial exposure. If the potential loss from any claim or legal proceeding is considered probable and the amount can be estimated, we accrue a liability for the estimated loss. Significant judgment is required in both the determination of probability and the determination as to whether an exposure can be reasonably estimated. Because of uncertainties related to these matters, accruals are based on the best information available at the time. As additional information becomes available, we reassess the potential liability related to our pending claims and litigation and may revise our estimates. Such revisions in the estimates of the potential liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position. For more information related to our outstanding legal proceedings, see “Contingencies and Commitments” in Note 10 of the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements as well as “Legal Proceedings” in Part II, Item 1 hereof.

Impairment Analysis
As required by ASC Topic 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other,” we perform an annual assessment as to whether there was an indication that goodwill and certain intangible assets are impaired. We also perform impairment analyses whenever events and circumstances indicate that goodwill or certain intangibles may be impaired. In assessing the fair value of goodwill, we use our best estimates of future cash flows of operating activities and capital expenditures of the reporting unit, the estimated terminal value for each reporting unit and a discount rate based on the weighted average cost of capital.

If our estimates or related projections change in the future due to changes in industry and market conditions, we may be required to record additional impairment charges. The goodwill recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as of September 28, 2014 decreased $0.6 million to $75.2 million compared to $75.9 million as of December 31, 2013 due to foreign currency fluctuations. There were no goodwill impairment triggering events as of September 28, 2014.

22




We performed an ASC 360, Plant, Property, and Equipment, impairment analyses for our Aerospace & Defense related California operations as part of our second quarter 2014 closing process in response to our Q2 triggering event. We also updated our analysis through Q3 which resulted in no asset impairment charges as the fair value of the California operations exceeded the carrying value.

Income Taxes
See "Income Taxes" in Note 12 of the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements.

Pension Benefits
We maintain two pension benefit plans, a qualified noncontributory defined benefit plan and a nonqualified, noncontributory defined benefit supplemental plan that provides benefits to certain highly compensated officers and employees. To date, the supplemental plan remains an unfunded plan. These plans include significant pension benefit obligations which are calculated based on actuarial valuations. Key assumptions are made in determining these obligations and related expenses, including expected rates of return on plan assets and discount rates. Benefits are based primarily on years of service and employees’ compensation.

As of July 1, 2006, in connection with a revision to our retirement plan, we froze the pension benefits of our qualified noncontributory plan participants. Under the revised plan, such participants generally do not accrue any additional benefits under the defined benefit plan after July 1, 2006 and instead receive enhanced benefits associated with our defined contribution 401(k) plan in which substantially all of our U.S. employees are eligible to participate. No existing employees benefit from the supplemental plan.

During the three and nine months ended September 28, 2014, we made cash contributions of $0.4 million and $1.2 million million, respectively, to our qualified defined benefit pension plan. For the remainder of 2014, we expect to make a voluntary cash contribution of approximately $0.4 million to our qualified defined benefit pension plan, although global capital market and interest rate fluctuations may impact future funding requirements.

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended September 28, 2014 Compared to the Three Months Ended September 29, 2013 (unaudited)

The following table sets forth the results of operations, percentage of net revenues and the period-to-period percentage change in certain financial data for the three months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Net revenues
$
203,818

 
100.0
%
 
$
214,731

 
100.0
 %
 
(5.1
)%
Cost of revenues
141,601

 
69.5
%
 
144,593

 
67.3
 %
 
(2.1
)%
Gross profit
62,217

 
30.5
%
 
70,138

 
32.7
 %
 
(11.3
)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
41,873

 
20.5
%
 
46,392

 
21.6
 %
 
(9.7
)%
Special charges (recoveries), net
478

 
0.2
%
 
(190
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
(351.6
)%
Operating income
19,866

 
9.7
%
 
23,936

 
11.1
 %
 
(17.0
)%
Other (income) expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
436

 
0.2
%
 
745

 
0.3
 %
 
(41.5
)%
Other expense, net
419

 
0.2
%
 
568

 
0.3
 %
 
(26.2
)%
Total other expense, net
855

 
0.4
%
 
1,313

 
0.6
 %
 
(34.9
)%
Income before income taxes
19,012

 
9.3
%
 
22,623

 
10.5
 %
 
(16.0
)%
Provision for income taxes
4,337

 
2.1
%
 
4,903

 
2.3
 %
 
(11.5
)%
Net income
$
14,675

 
7.2
%
 
$
17,720

 
8.3
 %
 
(17.2
)%




23



Net Revenues
Net revenues for the three months ended September 28, 2014 decreased by $10.9 million, or 5%, to $203.8 million from $214.7 million for the three months ended September 29, 2013. The change in net revenues for the three months ended September 28, 2014 was attributable to the following:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Total Change
 
Operations
 
Foreign
Exchange
Segment
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
 
(In thousands)
Energy
$
157,658

 
167,660

 
$
(10,002
)
 
(8,810
)
 
(1,191
)
Aerospace & Defense
46,160

 
47,071

 
(911
)
 
(1,330
)
 
418

Total
$
203,818

 
$
214,731

 
$
(10,913
)
 
$
(10,140
)
 
$
(773
)

The Energy segment accounted for approximately 77% of net revenues for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to 78% for the three months ended September 29, 2013 with the Aerospace & Defense segment accounting for the remainder.

Energy segment revenues decreased by $10.0 million, or 6%, for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the three months ended September 29, 2013. The decrease was primarily driven by lower shipment volumes in large international projects (11%), our control valves businesses (3%) and unfavorable foreign currency impact of $1.2 million (1%), partially offset by higher shipment volumes in the upstream North American short-cycle (3%), and downstream instrumentation businesses (3%). Orders increased $30.7 million to $197.7 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $167.0 million for the same period in 2013 and backlog for our Energy segment has increased $39.5 million to $304.5 million as of September 28, 2014 compared to $265.0 million as of September 29, 2013. Both orders and backlog increases were primarily due to higher bookings in our large international projects businesses.
 
Aerospace & Defense segment revenues decreased by $0.9 million, or 2%, for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease was primarily driven by lower shipment volumes in our California businesses primarily related to certain structural landing gear product lines (3%) and French operations (2%), partially offset by higher actuation shipments (3%) and favorable foreign currency impact of $0.4 million (1%). Orders decreased $11.7 million to $44.6 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $56.3 million for the same period in 2013. The decrease in orders was primarily driven by lower bookings in our French businesses. Order backlog decreased $54.7 million to $127.2 million as of September 28, 2014 compared to $181.9 million as of September 29, 2013 primarily as a result of the $28.6 million backlog reduction as we restructured certain landing gear product lines during the three months ended June 29, 2014.

Operating Income (Loss)
The change in operating income (loss) for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the three months ended September 29, 2013 was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Total Change
 
Operations
 
Foreign Exchange
 
Inventory Restructuring & Special (Recoveries) Charges, net
Segment
September 28,
2014
 
September 29,
2013
 
 
Energy
$
26,202

 
$
27,367

 
$
(1,165
)
 
$
1,556

 
$
(420
)
 
$
(2,301
)
Aerospace & Defense
(630
)
 
4,569

 
(5,199
)
 
(3,471
)
 
61

 
(1,789
)
Corporate
(5,706
)
 
(8,000
)
 
2,294

 
1,722

 

 
572

 
$
19,866

 
$
23,936

 
$
(4,070
)
 
$
(193
)
 
$
(359
)
 
$
(3,518
)


24



Special charges and inventory restructuring actions for the three months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Inventory Restructuring*
 
Special (Recoveries) Charges, net
Segment
September 28, 2014
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
Energy
$
375

 
$

 
$
375

Aerospace & Defense
2,925

 
2,850

 
75

Corporate
28

 

 
28

Total
$
3,328

 
$
2,850

 
$
478

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Inventory Restructuring*
 
Special (Recoveries) Charges, net
Segment
September 29, 2013
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
Energy
$
(1,926
)
 
$

 
$
(1,926
)
Aerospace & Defense
1,136

 

 
1,136

Corporate
600

 

 
600

Total
$
(190
)
 
$

 
$
(190
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Inventory restructuring charges are included in cost of revenues.
 
 

See "Special Charges / Recoveries" in Note 13 of the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements for more detail on these special charges and inventory restructuring actions for the three months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013.

Operating income decreased 17%, or $4.1 million, to $19.9 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $23.9 million for the same period in 2013.

Operating income for our Energy segment decreased $1.2 million, or 4%, to $26.2 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014, compared to $27.4 million for the same period in 2013. The year over year decrease in operating income was driven by higher special charges of $2.3 million (8%) and unfavorable foreign currency fluctuations of $0.4 million (2%), partially offset by net operational increases of $1.6 million (6%). Operating margins improved 30 basis points to 16.6% compared to the same period in 2013 primarily due to better product mix within our North American short-cycle businesses, higher productivity and savings from previous restructuring actions.

Our Aerospace & Defense segment recorded an operating loss of $0.6 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014, a decrease of $5.2 million (114)%, compared to operating income of $4.6 million for the same period in 2013. The operating loss was primarily a result of higher operational costs in our California facility (126%) including a restructuring related inventory charge of $2.9 million associated with the restructuring of certain landing gear product lines recorded during the three months ended September 28, 2014. These decreases were partially offset by lower special charges of $1.1 million (23%).

Corporate operating expenses decreased $2.3 million, or 29%, to $5.7 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to lower 2014 special charges and lower compensation related costs.
 
Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net, decreased $0.3 million to $0.4 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $0.7 million for the three months ended September 29, 2013. This change in interest expense was primarily due to lower outstanding debt balances during the period.

Other (Income) Expense, Net
Other expense, net, was $0.4 million for the three months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $0.6 million of expense for the same period of 2013. This change was primarily due to foreign exchange fluctuations.



25



Provision for Taxes
The effective tax rate was 22.8% for the quarter ended September 28, 2014 compared to 21.7% for the same period of 2013. The primary driver of the higher tax rate in the quarter ended September 28, 2014 was primarily a non-taxable escrow settlement that occurred in the quarter ended September 29, 2013, partially offset by decreased pre-tax income in the US, and a reduction in foreign losses that produce no tax benefit, as well as a reduction in a valuation allowance related to higher foreign source income.
 
Net Income
Net income decreased approximately $3.0 million to $14.7 million for the quarter ended September 28, 2014 compared to $17.7 million for the same period in 2013.

Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended September 28, 2014 Compared to the Nine Months Ended September 29, 2013

The following table sets forth the results of operations, percentage of net revenues and the period-to-period percentage change in certain financial data for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013:

 
Nine Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Net revenues
$
622,888

 
100.0
 %
 
$
643,773

 
100.0
%
 
(3.2
)%
Cost of revenues
436,333

 
70.0
 %
 
443,679

 
68.9
%
 
(1.7
)%
Gross profit
186,555

 
30.0
 %
 
200,094

 
31.1
%
 
(6.8
)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
129,370

 
20.8
 %
 
139,561

 
21.7
%
 
(7.3
)%
Special charges
578

 
0.1
 %
 
3,441

 
0.5
%
 
(83.2
)%
Operating income
56,607

 
9.1
 %
 
57,092

 
8.9
%
 
(0.8
)%
Other (income) expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
2,245

 
0.4
 %
 
2,370

 
0.4
%
 
(5.3
)%
Other expense, net
(434
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
1,807

 
0.3
%
 
(124.0
)%
Total other (income) expense
1,811

 
0.3
 %
 
4,177

 
0.6
%
 
(56.6
)%
Income before income taxes
54,796

 
8.8
 %
 
52,915

 
8.2
%
 
3.6
 %
Provision for income taxes
13,565

 
2.2
 %
 
14,619

 
2.3
%
 
(7.2
)%
Net income
$
41,231

 
6.6
 %
 
$
38,296

 
5.9
%
 
7.7
 %

Net Revenues
Net revenues for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 decreased by $20.9 million, or 3%, to $622.9 million from $643.8 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2013. The change in net revenues for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 was attributable to the following:
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Total Change
 
Operations
 
Foreign
Exchange
Segment
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
 
(In thousands)
Energy
$
480,825

 
$
498,321

 
$
(17,496
)
 
$
(18,775
)
 
$
1,280

Aerospace & Defense
142,063

 
145,452

 
(3,389
)
 
(6,895
)
 
3,505

Total
$
622,888

 
$
643,773

 
$
(20,885
)
 
$
(25,670
)
 
$
4,785


The Energy segment accounted for 77% of net revenues for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 with the Aerospace & Defense segment accounting for the remainder.


26



Energy segment revenues decreased by $17.5 million, or 4%, for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 as compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2013.

The decrease was primarily driven by lower shipment volumes in large international projects (7%) and our control valves businesses (2%), partially offset by higher shipment volumes in the upstream North American short-cycle business (2%) and downstream instrumentation businesses (2%). Energy segment orders increased $13.3 million to $517.6 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $504.3 million for the same period in 2013 primarily due to higher bookings in upstream large international projects. Orders within our project businesses can be unpredictable or "lumpy" given the nature of the procurement process.

Aerospace & Defense segment revenues decreased by $3.4 million, or 2%, for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2013. The decrease was primarily driven by declines in our California business related to landing gear product line exits (3%) and our French operations (2%), partially offset by higher actuation shipments (2%). Orders for this segment decreased $17.6 million to $128.3 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $145.9 million for the same period in 2013 primarily as a result of lower landing gear and French orders.

Operating Income (Loss)

The change in operating income (loss) for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2013 was as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Total
Change
 
Operations
 
Foreign
Exchange
 
Inventory Restructuring & Special (Recoveries) Charges, net
Segment
September 28, 2014
 
September 29, 2013
 
 
(Dollars In thousands)
 
 
Energy
$
70,969

 
$
65,906

 
$
5,063

 
$
7,182

 
$
(136
)
 
$
(1,983
)
Aerospace & Defense
3,705

 
11,034

 
(7,329
)
 
(4,777
)
 
566

 
(3,119
)
Corporate
(18,067
)
 
(19,848
)
 
1,781

 
1,799

 


 
(17
)
Total
$
56,607

 
$
57,092

 
$
(485
)
 
$
4,204

 
$
430

 
$
(5,119
)

Special charges and inventory restructuring for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013 were as follows:

 
Nine Months Ended
 
Inventory Restructuring
 
Special (Recoveries) Charges, net
Segment
September 28, 2014
 
 
(In thousands)
Energy
$
1,573

 
$

 
$
1,573

Aerospace & Defense
6,378

 
7,990

 
(1,612
)
Corporate
617

 

 
617

Total
$
8,568

 
$
7,990

 
$
578

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Inventory Restructuring
 
Special (Recoveries) Charges, net
Segment
September 29, 2013
 
 
(In thousands)
Energy
$
(410
)
 
$
296

 
$
(706
)
Aerospace & Defense
3,259

 
(288
)
 
3,547

Corporate
600

 
 
 
600

Total
$
3,449

 
$
8

 
$
3,441

 
 
 
 
 
 
* Inventory restructuring charges are included in cost of revenues.


27



See "Special Charges / Recoveries" in Note 13 of the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements for more detail on these Special charges and inventory restructuring actions for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and September 29, 2013.

Operating income decreased 1%, or $0.5 million, to $56.6 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $57.1 million for the same period in 2013.

Operating income for our Energy segment increased $5.1 million, or 8%, to $71.0 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014, compared to $65.9 million for the same period in 2013. The increase in operating income was driven by operational increases of $7.2 million (11%), partially offset by higher special and inventory restructuring related charges of $2.0 million (3%). Operating margins improved 160 basis points to 14.8% compared to the same period in 2013 primarily due to better product mix within our upstream large international projects and North American short-cycle businesses, as well as savings from productivity and restructuring actions.

Operating income for the Aerospace & Defense segment decreased $7.3 million, or 66%, to $3.7 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014, compared to operating income of $11.0 million for the same period in 2013. The decrease in operating income was primarily a result of higher restructuring related inventory charges of $8.3 million (75%) associated with the restructuring of certain landing gear product lines during the nine months ended September 28, 2014 and operational decreases of 4.8 million (43%). These decreases were partially offset by $5.2 million (47%) of lower special charges, net which included a special recovery of $2.2 million associated with a legal settlement recorded during the first quarter of 2014. Favorable foreign currency exchange fluctuations increased operating income by $0.6 million (5%).

Corporate operating expenses decreased $1.8 million, or 9%, to $18.1 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to restructuring and lower compensation related costs.

Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net, decreased $0.1 million to $2.2 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to the nine months ended September 29, 2013. This change in interest expense was primarily due to lower outstanding debt balances during the period.

Other (Income) Expense, Net
Other income, net was $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to other expense, net of $1.8 million in the same period of 2013. The difference of $2.2 million was primarily due to foreign currency fluctuations.

Provision for Taxes
The effective tax rate was 24.8% for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to 27.6% for the same period of 2013. The primary driver of the lower 2014 tax rate were decreased pre-tax income in the US, reduction in foreign losses that produce no tax benefit, as well as a reduction in a valuation allowance related to higher foreign source income, partially offset by a non-taxable escrow settlement that occurred in the quarter ended September 29, 2013.

Net Income
Net income increased $2.9 million to $41.2 million for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 compared to $38.3 million for the same period in 2013.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our liquidity needs arise primarily from capital investment in machinery, equipment and the improvement of facilities, funding working capital requirements to support business growth initiatives, restructuring actions, acquisitions, dividend payments, pension funding obligations and debt service costs. We have historically generated cash from operations and believe we remain in a strong financial position, with resources available for reinvestment in existing businesses, strategic acquisitions and managing our capital structure on a short and long-term basis.

The following table summarizes our cash flow activities for the nine months ended September 28, 2014 (in thousands):
 

28



Cash flow provided by (used in):
 
Operating activities
$
44,571

Investing activities
(7,962
)
Financing activities
(17,803
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
(6,406
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
$
12,400


During the nine months ended September 28, 2014, we generated $44.6 million of cash from operating activities compared to $53.8 million generated during the same period in 2013. The $9.1 million year over year decrease in cash generated from opera